仓储管理“人到货”&“货到人”

02/07/2019

在仓储管理过程中,收、发、存、拣是最常见的四大基本组成模块,其中关于拣又是备受关注的库内重要作业环节,它的用工量、耗时、成本比重往往在仓储管理过程中排名前列。故有说法,解决好拣选问题,是提升仓储管理水平的重要衡量标准之一。

In the process of warehouse management, Receiving, Sending, Storing and Picking are the four most common basic components, among which picking is an important part of warehouse operations, its labor, time-consuming and cost proportion often ranks the top in the process of warehouse management. Therefore, it is said that solving the problem of picking is one of the important criteria to improve the level of warehousing management.

提到拣选物流业有两个关键词“人到货”、“货到人”,“人到货”是普通仓储管理方式,在面对单一或者海量的商品库存下,普遍采取将货品按照各种规则分区、分类进行存放,然后人工前往所在地进行拣货。对比“货到人”拣选方式,则是通过硬件的设备来完成货品的存储和移动,结合信息系统、移动终端、灯光指引、电子标签等等技术辅助,真正实现了拣货人员不再大面积行走,而是站定原地双手不停的将队列好的待拣货品进行高速分拣。每个作业单元-人的有效劳动时间得到最大化的使用,同时也降低了人员的劳动强度。

It is mentioned that there are two key topics in the logistics industry: “man-to-goods”, “goods-to-man”, of course the “man-to-goods” is the most common warehouse management system. In the face of a single or massive inventory of goods, it is generally adopted to store goods in accordance with various rules and classifications, and then go to the place to pick manually. While the “goods to man” picking mode, use hardware equipment to complete the storage and movement of goods, combined with the information systems, mobile terminals, lighting guidance, electronic tags and other technical assistance, the realization of this kind of picking system doesn’t request large areas of walking, the operators can stand in one place moving only the hands. Every unit of work – the effective working time of human being is maximized, and the labor intensity of human being is reduced at the same time.

对比“货到人”和传统的“人到货”两种方式,“货到人”拣选机器人具有以下优势:
Compared to the traditional “man-to-goods”, here the advantages of “goods-to-man”:

 

1、拣选准确性更高,由于简化了劳动者的操作流程,相对单一化的重复动作使得拣选差错率的控制更为有效,在常规拣选差错率3~5‰的基础上通常有10倍的准确性提升;Higher picking accuracy. Because of simplifying the worker’s operation process, the control of picking error rate is more effective because of the simplified repetitive action. On the basis of the conventional picking error rate of 3-5, the accuracy is usually improved 10 times.

 

2、拣选效率提升,由于节约了行走时间,同等作业量下货到人拣选效率更高,有数据表明甚至能达到普通人工拣选的3-6倍;

Higher picking efficiency, the operator doesn’t need to spend time in walking. Some data show that it can even reach 3-6 times of ordinary manual picking.

 

3、降低劳动强度,改善作业环境,大幅减少的行走距离,在减少拣货人员作业量的同时,也降低了补货、容器周转等仓库内其他环节劳动强度。另由于传统仓储作业场地占地较大等原因,无法大面积改善劳动者作业环境,如夏季高温期的库内作业、冷藏冷冻仓储库内的作业等,通过工作站方式,在不大幅增加成本前提下改善员工作业环境条件。

Reducing labor intensity, improving working environment and greatly reducing walking distance can not only reduce the work load of pickers, but also reduce the labor intensity of other links in warehouse such as replenishment and container turnover. In addition, due to the large occupation of traditional warehousing sites and other reasons, it is impossible to improve the working environment of workers on a large scale, such as warehouse operations in high temperature in summer, refrigerated warehouse operations, etc., through the way of workstations, without significantly increasing costs, to improve the working environment conditions of employees.

 

畅想一下未来的仓储内场景,或许“无人化”已不再遥远,局部模块的少人化和无人化,已在推动整体仓储技术的升级迭代,速度更快、准确性更高、分摊成本更低的综合无人仓储会全面接管人工么?大家怎么看呢?

Imagine the future warehouse scenario. Perhaps “unmanned” is no longer far away. The fewer and unmanned parts of the module have promoted the upgrading iteration of the whole warehousing technology. Will the integrated unmanned warehouse with faster speed, higher accuracy and lower cost-sharing take over the manpower? What do you think?

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